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英语中的注释

注释可长可短,既可采用文中注释,也可采用脚注,还可二者合用。例如:
Big Apple 大苹果(纽约的别称)
mad-cow disease 疯牛病(牛海绵状脑病)
Oval Office 椭圆形办公室(美国白宫总统办公室)无锡加中翻译
Desert Storm 沙漠风暴(1991年美国领导的多国部队对伊拉克实施的军事打击行动)
八股文 eight-part essay (a literary composition prescribed for the imperial civil service examinations, known for its rigidity of form and poverty of ideas)
满月酒 One-Month-Old Birthday Feast (a special ceremony held after a baby has been one month old)

(1)I am as poor as Job, my lord, but not so patient.
我象约伯一样穷的,大人,可是却没有他那样的好耐心。
*在《圣经》中,约伯以忍耐贫穷著称。
(2) "Oh! Tell us about her. Auntie," cried Imogen. " I can just remember her. She's the skeleton in the family cupboard, isn't she?"
"哦,给我们讲一讲她的事儿吧,好姑姑,"伊莫根嚷嚷道,"我几乎记不得她了,她是咱们家衣橱里的骷髅,丑得见不得人,是吗?"
(3) The May-day dance, for instance, was to be discerned on the afternoon under notice, in the disguise of the club revel, or "club-walking" as it was there called.
譬如现在所讲的那个下午里,就可以看出五朔节舞*旧风以联欢会(或者像本地的叫法-游行会)的形式出现。
*五朔节舞:英国风俗,五月一日奏乐吹号,采取树枝、野花、装饰门窗,在草地上竖起五朔柱,围柱跳舞,并选举五朔后。此风古时极盛,现在穷乡僻壤依然可见。
 The question she flunked on was: "What is the Constitution of the United States?" The answer she gave was: "A boat."
她答错的一道题是:"美国宪法*是什么? 她的回答却是“一条船”。
*the Constitution of the United States指美国宪法,但它也是美国历史上著名战舰"宪法号"的英文名字。  加中翻译事务所
(4) 'When we alighted at this door, a dispute arose with the driver of the cabriolet-'. A loud scream from his wife, at the mention of this word, rendered all further explanation inaudible.
(5)It was Friday *and soon they'd go out and get drunk.
星期五发薪日到了,他们马上就要上街去喝得酩酊大醉。
*星期五[Friday]为英国的发薪日。如不解释,译入语读者就不会明白英国人为什么要在这一天上街去大吃大喝。
(6)While it may seem to be painting the lily, I should like to add somewhat to Mr.Alistair Cooke's excellent article.
我想给阿利斯太尔•库克先生的杰作稍加几笔,尽管这也许是为百合花上色,费力不讨好。
*在西方人眼里,百合花是高贵、贞洁、美丽的象征,故为百合花上色自然是做徒劳无益之事。加中翻译

(7) Even before they were acquainted, he had admired Osborn in secret. Now he was his valet, his dog, his man Friday.
他没有认识奥斯本之前,已经暗暗佩服他。如今便成了他的听差,他的狗,他的忠仆星期五*。
*星期五(Friday)是《鲁滨逊漂流记》故事中Robinson Crusoe的忠实奴仆。

 

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